Women with Turner Syndrome are missing an X chromosome unlike women without the disease.


This woman has Turner Syndrome and claims it doesn't effect her lifestyle all that much. She has a very positive attitude about the situation.

Support Group:


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These organizations help and provide resources to people that have the disease. They also raise awareness of it.


Regular screening: Helps so them so they can get checked for different diseases that they are proned to. Such as:
  • Problems with the blood vessels or the heart
  • High blood pressure
  • Type II diabetes
  • Kidney problems
  • Hearing problems
  • Osteoporosis, or thining, weak bones
  • Thyroid problems
  • Estrogen replacement therapy

What also helps are medications, surgery, counseling and support.

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Symptoms: turner-syndrome1.jpg

  • Swollen hands and/or feet
  • Wide and/or webbed neck
  • Absent or incomplete puberty
  • Broad, Flat chest with wide spaced nipples
  • Droopy eyelids
  • Dry eyes
  • Infertility
  • Low set ears
  • Low hairline
  • Shorter than the averaged girl

Cause/How it is inherited:

  • When the x chromosome has an abnormality during formation of sex chromosomes (egg or sperm)
  • Usually these errors are made in cell divison and this is called nondisjunction
  • They can either be missing a whole x chromosome or just part of it
  • 20% of the casesthe x chromosome is abnormal. It can either look like a ring or have part of it missing
  • 30% he cases are missing a whole x chromosome in some of their cells. This might cause less symptoms.
  • The rest of cases are just missng a whole x chromosome


This picture is showing nondisjunction in these cells. As you can see the bottom two cells are missing a x chromosome.



Three Interesting Facts:

  • This is usally known to occur in every 1 out of 2,500 live female births
  • Both parents can pass down this trait
  • Women with this disorder may be able to conceive with the help of hormone therapy and a donor egg. However,these treatments don't free the pregnancy from complications.

Works Cited:

Wynbrandt, James, and Mark D. Ludman. The Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders and Birth Defects. New York, NY: Facts on File, 2000. Print.