Type 1 albinism is caused by a gene on chromosome 11 and is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait, this trait occurs when two defective genes are present in an individual. Type 2 is caused by a gene on chromosome 15 and is also an autosomal recessive trait. Type 3 is caused by a gene on chromosome 9.Then there is ocular albinism which is caused by a gene on the x chromosome.

Pedigree 7
Pedigree 7

Signs and Symptoms:
  • Little to no color in the iris, hair, and skin
  • sensitive to light
  • vision problems
  • patches on skin
  • lighter than nornal hair and skin
  • functional blindness
  • rapid eye movement

Treatment for albinism is to relieve the symptoms from the disease. A person’s treatment can fluctuate depending on the severity of the disease. To treat albinism you want to protect the eyes and skin from UV rays. It’s recommended to wear UV protective sunglasses or in a more severe case of albinism these may not help. Sunscreens with an SPF of 20 or higher and protective clothing are recommended to protect skin from the sun.

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Interesing Facts
  • Not all people with albnism have red eyes, most have blue eyes.

  • You're eye color, skin color, and hair color can change throughout your lifetime

  • You can wear glasses or contacts but they will not correct your vision
  • 1 in 17,000 people has Albinism (0.00005882% chance)

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The New York Times. "Albinism - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Albinism - NY Times Health Information." Health News - The New York Times. The New Youk Times, 14 Oct. 2009. Web. 24 Feb. 2012. <

Knopper, Melissa. The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders. Ed. Brigham Narins. Vol. 1. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2005. p43-46. From Opposing Viewpoints In Context

"Human Genetics." Computing Services for Faculty & Staff. Na. Web. 27 Feb. 2012.

"Albino Animals — Animal Talk." Animal Talk — Fun with Furry Friends. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2012.

"Albinism." Rare Diseases. The New York Times Company. Web. 28 Feb. 2012. <>.